What do you know about sacrifice? 4. 2 Timothy 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (H. O. 2013. (175) To all these faults he contrasts time “dividing aright,” that is, the manner of explaining which is adapted to edification; for that is the rule by which we must try all interpretation of Scripture. Kypke quotes from Jos. These should be driven from the work, as those bastard Levites were by the Tirshatha, Ezra 2:63. And thus whilst directed to make an effort to save you, and, therefore, assured that you are not past recovery, the word of truth enjoins severe and peremptory dealing. To affirm (see Alford and Huther-Meyer) that the notion of “cutting” had been gradually lost, and that the word already in the time of St. Paul signified simply “to manage rightly,” “to treat truthfully without falsifying,” and that the exact opposite is to corrupt or adulterate the Word of God (2 Corinthians 2:17), seems premature. ἀνεπαίσχυντον: Chrys. There,” he said, “it is all right now.” And sure enough the lowest word could be distinctly heard, There was, of course, nothing remarkable in this incident, and yet the words “vibrate in unison,” “must act in harmony or there will be no voice,” suggested higher thoughts as well. As Lenski put it, "Certainly plenty of exegesis is crooked enough to call for careful cutting to set it straight. 1. Similarly R.V. It is hard to give up things. God is the most important part of our lives and to say we serve Him, while not doing our best in His calling will most certainly cause shame. and Œc.— τέμνε τὰ νόθα, καὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα μετὰ πολλῆς τῆς σφοδρότητος ἐφίστασο καὶ ἔκκοπτε, does not seem to belong to the word. The single word which represents “that needeth not to be ashamed” ( ἀνεπαίσχυντος). COULD YOU EXPLAIN 1 TIMOTHY 2:15? I. xviii. Moreover, if we rightly handle the word of God we shall not preach it so as to send Christians into a sleepy state. There is an implied contrast. Greek. Yet she will be saved through childbearing, if they continue in faith and love and holiness, with modesty. He must teach it consistent with God"s intended meaning and purpose. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. This is required of every Christian! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/2-timothy-2.html. (J. The same image appears in "increase" (note, 2 Timothy 2:16). 2 Timothy 2:15-16 Why Study Theology; 2 Timothy 3:1-5 The Newtown Massacre; 2 Timothy 3:1-5 The Newtown Massacre; 2 Timothy 3:1-5 What's Going On; 2 Timothy 3:1-5 Seven Irrefutable Facts; 2 Timothy 3:14-15 A Message for Our Sons and Daughters; 2 Timothy 3:14-15 A Message for Our Sons and Daughters; 2 Timothy 4:1-5 Basic Bible Doctrine Now, when I preach so that a banker, who has all along been sitting under the doctrinal preaching, but has never felt its application to his particular business, feels the next day, when counting his coin, a twinge of conscience and says, “I wish I could either practice that sermon or forget it,” I have preached the gospel to him in such a way that he has understood it. Septuagint, Proverbs 3:6; Proverbs 11:5, use it of 'making one's way:' so here, "the word of truth" is a road to be laid out straightly: Timothy must not deviate from this right line to the one side or other (Isaiah 30:21; Isaiah 40:3); 'teaching no other doctrine' (1 Timothy 1:3). The opposite to ἐργ. He has rightly to divide the loaves so as not to give the little children and the babes all the crust; rightly to supply each one’s necessities, not giving the strong men milk, and the babes hard diet; not casting the children’s bread to the dogs, nor giving the swine’s husks to the children, but placing before each his own portion. De Wette (Wiesinger agreeing with him) maintains the latter; recte secare viam, λόγον being put for ὁδόν. What does it mean to divide the Word? Where note, first, it is the “word of truth” he has to divide; an expression with which we may compare the language of the same apostle on another occasion, where he says, “When ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as is in truth the word of God.” This mode of speaking of Holy Scripture seems well calculated to meet that irrepressible craving for certainty on moral subjects, which is the first need of the awakened mind. fugæ, pp. Contrast “deceitful workers” (2 Corinthians 11:13). 15. σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον παραστῆσαι τῷ θεῷ. He must be like the workman who can watch confidently while his work is subjected to examination, in order for it to gain approval. They show Divine favour. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Study to show thyself approved unto God -, A workman that needeth not to be ashamed -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, χρη το αυτο φθεγγεσθαι τον ρητορα και τον νομον, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, μηδὲν ὅλως αἰσχύνου πράττειν τῶν εἰς εὐσέβειαν ἡκόντων, λαΐνους πύργους πέριξ ὀρθοῖς ἔτεμνε κανόσιν, ἐπαινοῦμεν τῶν γεωργῶν τοὺς εὐθείας τὰς αὔλακας ἀνατέμνοντας, ὀρθοποδεῖν πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, καὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα μετὰ πολλῆς τῆς σφοδρότητος ἐφίστασο καὶ ἔκκοπτε, τὴν ἀποστολικὴν καὶ ἐκκλησιαστικὰν ὀρθοτομίαν τῶν δογμάτων, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Study to show thyself approved, &c. — Greek, σπουδασον σεαυτον δοκιμον παραστησαι τω θεω, literally, be zealous, make haste, or diligently endeavour, to present thyself approved to God, what ever men may judge of thee and thy services; a workman that needeth not to be ashamed — Either on account of unfaithfulness, unskilfulness, lukewarmness, negligence, or sloth; rightly dividing the word of truth — Greek, ορθοτομουντα, literally, rightly cutting up the word — In allusion, as some think, to the action of the Jewish priests in dissecting the victims, and separating the parts in a proper manner, as some were to be laid on God’s altar, and others to be given to those who were to share in the sacrifices. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. apol. 2. KJV Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. I am not ambitious, perhaps, in the ordinary sense of the term. here 1 Corinthians 3:10-15, where the final testing of the work done by God’s workmen, such as Timothy, is spoken of in very clear, heart-searching language.) Converse with refined and well-informed persons. A workman that needeth not to be ashamed — Either of unfaithfulness or unskilfulness. He advises Timothy to “cut aright,” lest, when he is employed in cutting the surface, as unskillful people are wont to do, he leave the pith and marrow untouched. ὀρθοτετμημένον. Philippians 1:20. ὀρθοτομοῦντα follows, viz. It is like it is assumed that if there is a person that needs milk, then all will be fed milk. ἀνεπαίσχυντος; in the N. T. a ἅπαξ λεγ., and in classic Greek used only in Sp. Suppose I have a skin of leather before me, and I want to make a saddle. To shew thyself approved ( σεαυτὸν δόκιμον παραστῆσαι ). This is the meaning also according to Luther’s translation: “who rightly parts the word of truth;” but the thought is entirely foreign to the context.(34). studyintheword.org: 2 Timothy 2:15 Page 1 2 Timothy 2:15 (King James Version): Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.  Kenneth S. Wuest, Word Studies from the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. Let your public manner be an enlargement of your private, and let that be natural and simple, graceful without awkwardness or affectation.”. In 1 Timothy 2:15 Paul makes a very perplexing statement to the effect that Eve will be saved through “the childbearing” if they exercise good judgment and remain in the Christian way. Such a meaning, if taken literally, would be utterly unsuitable here. 2 Timothy 2:15. " Alan G. Nute summed up the meaning of this verse as "An appeal for a straightforward, balanced exegesis of holy Scripture.". 23, 28 (Kypke, from Fuller), opposing to ὀρθοτομεῖν, κακῶς ὁδεύειν,—have sprung from this passage, and cannot be cited as precedents, only as interpretations) the word of the (the art. (New International Version): Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. “I want to feel a great change of heart, and then I will believe.” Just so; you wish to make the fruit the root. Giving food to each person as they have need. In Paul, Galatians 2:10; Ephesians 4:3(note); 1 Thessalonians 2:17. Hence, to cut straight, as paths; to hold a straight course; generally, to make straight; to handle rightly. ἐργάτην ἀνεπαισχυντον] ἐργάτης specially de opere rustico; used, besides, of the work in the field of God’s kingdom (2 Corinthians 11:13; Philippians 3:2). Give diligence (σπουδασον spoudason). Just another comment or two on study - some of the terms used to describe this word in the lexicons are endeavor, labor, diligence, and exert - not just a quick look, not just a surface scan and most certainly not a fifteen minute preparation for a half hour sermon or study. II. anepaischuntos. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". ), “If you were an ambitious man,” said a person one day to a minister of talent and education, who was settled in a retired and obscure parish, “you would not stay in such a place as this.” “How do you know that I am not an ambitious man?” said the pastor. Joseph Benson's Commentary. The next words make the definition still more precise: ὀρθοτομοῦντα τὸν λόγον τῆς ἀληθείας] ὀρθοτομεῖν, ἅπαξ λεγ., is rightly explained by most as recte tractare (which is the actual translation of the Vulgate); but there is very great variety in the derivation of the notion. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". In what way and manner a minister ought to show himself approved of God. Notwithstanding she shall be saved Not Eve, though no doubt she is saved; since she had a sense of her sin, and shame for it, a revelation of the Messiah to her, and faith in him; see ( Genesis 3:7 Genesis 3:8 Genesis 3:15) ( 4:2) .But rather any woman, particularly such … When the gospel is preached so that a man feels that it is applied to his own life, he has it translated to him. I. Church Pulpit Commentary. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, σπουδασον σεαυτον δοκιμον παραστησαι τω θεω, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, To walk in the right way; it is thus used by Gregory Nazianzen, who, in Orat. Be Strong. Study to show yourself approved - the implication if you don't study you may not be approved. It appears to me that something more is required to convince men that a minister has the smile of God than his own belief. The gospel ought never to be used for frightening sinners from Christ. Yes; there is in this grand gospel history a share of food for everybody; and it should be for us to find it and bestow it according to the needs of the people. What I want to do with the thoughts of my Judge coming, and what I want to see you do, is this: to think perhaps if you would on your knees about your religion as work. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". The question is always, “will we act like it?” Our best effort is required to live up to the standard of approval that our Father has given us. 4. (Comp. not to be ashamed — by his work not being “approved” (Philemon 1:20). Those that are spiritual can judge whether his preaching is scriptural. Much on kind and number of hearers. 2 Timothy 2:15. to show — Greek, “present,” as in Romans 12:1. thyself — as distinguished from those whom Timothy was to charge (2 Timothy 2:14). Paul would have me, when I read these words, think about my religion as work. All this not only assigns to δόκιμος a meaning which it never has in the N. T. (not Romans 14:18; comp. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-timothy-2.html. III. 9 [it should be xviii. Our ordinary work may be simply the drudgery of life, or it may be transformed and altered and made an offering which God Almighty will accept and reward. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. Another thing very necessary to a correct division of the word of truth is that the promises and threatenings contained in the Scriptures be applied to the characters to which they properly belong.  Alan G. Nute, A New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1969), p. 521. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Paul’s context (to 2 Tim. It indicates that ceaseless, serious, earnest zeal, which was one of his chief characteristics. Vulg. Study to show thyself approved unto God - Endeavour so to cultivate and improve thy heart and mind, that thou mayest not be a reproach to him from whom thou professest to receive thy commission. Chrys., of cutting away what is spurious or bad. When on his death-bed he said to some young ministers who were present, “The secret of my success is in these three things: 1. 1879-90. Now, come, be honest—is it work? ἀνεπαίσχυντος (ἄπ. Let him lay aside instantly the ministerial office; let him be pronounced utterly wanting in the very first qualification for its discharge, if there be the sinner whom he does not pity, for whom he is not anxious, or whose danger does not excite in him solicitude. This should put a lot of weight on the pastors/teachers of our churches! Not unto men, as pleasing them; for such who study to please men, are not the servants of Christ; and sometimes those that are approved to and by men, are disapproved of by God and Christ: but unto God, showing all fidelity and uprightness; speaking out the Gospel openly, and freely, with all sincerity, as in the sight of God; commending themselves to him, and to every man's conscience, by manifestation of the truth; and such will hear, "Well done, good and faithful servant" another day. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. 1840-57. 1851. And, oh, beloved, there is one thing that I dread above all others--lest I should ever handle the word of God so as to persuade some of you that you are saved when you are not. 2. Much on preparation; therefore be diligent. “Thus Paul is not urging that Timothy correctly interpret Scripture but that he truly preach and teach the gospel, the word of truth , in contrast to the ‘word battles’ (v. 5. Approved - tested by trial [ dokimon (Greek #1384)]: opposed to "reprobate" [ adokimon (Greek #96): one who cannot stand the test] (Titus 1:16). Ordinary work.—We who come to church, most of all we who are communicants, ought to do our work so splendidly that people will say when they see us doing our common work, ‘Oh, I did not think much of religion; I used to think it was a matter of form, and very good for a Pharisee, but now I see that that man or that woman who goes to church and receives the Sacrament, that that man or that woman brings a brightness and a spring and an earnestness and a thoroughness into the work which others who are not moved by the power of religion do not.’ Is that so with you?’. Mackey. Other examples of words which have wholly lost their derivational meaning are πρόσφατος and συκοφαντέω. Study — Greek, “Be earnest,” or “diligent.”. And first, he bids them be not lazy disputants, but workmen. zealous) to make sure that when he stood before God he would receive the Lord"s approval and not be ashamed (cf. In Pastorals, 1 Timothy 5:18. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-2.html. Rightly to divide the word of truth, we must arrange it in such order as that it may be most easily and effectually understood. He begins to describe two different kinds of workmen in their relationships to the gospel.Although the instruction specifically applies to a minister, in principle it applies to everyone as sons of God, having His Spirit.Whether minister or laymember, all work toward the Kingdom of God.. Contrast "deceitful workers," 2 Corinthians 11:13. My battle is fought, my victory is won, I have only to fold my arms and go to sleep.”. In Paul, 2 Corinthians 11:13; Philemon 3:2. “He shall direct thy paths,” “The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way”. Study, Strictly, ‘be eager, be zealous.’. 1865-1868. The Vulgate version translates it--and with a considerable degree of accuracy--“Rightly handling the word of truth.” What is the right way, then, to handle the word of truth? 1909-1922. Strom. What a position to be in - to be standing before the Lord and feel shame for that which was done or not done in this life. I will show you what I mean here. II. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Truth - Greek, 'the truth' (cf. 2. The last has been most frequently adopted. 2 Timothy 2:15. σπούδασον, be diligent [study]) A word suited to the character of the whole epistle.— σεαυτὸν, thyself) An antithesis to the work [2 Timothy 2:21], of which workman is the conjugate.— δόκιμον) approved unto God; not reprobate unto every good work, Titus 1:16, but having his work perfect, James 1:4. 2. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. We look for courage in the soldier; integrity in the merchant; wise consistency in the statesman; unswerving uprightness in the judge. We are saved and sanctified by grace. DD. a. 1871-8. 1874-1909. This is the sense given by Chrysostom. The salvation of souls is the work He is most interested in, and to the successful prosecution of which He has promised the largest rewards.” (H. L. Study to show thyself approved unto God - Give diligence 2 Peter 2:10, or make an effort so to discharge the duties of the ministerial office as to meet the divine approbation. ἐργάτην ἀνεπαίσχυντον, a workman who is not to be put to shame, sc. The idea seems to be, that the minister of the gospel is to make a proper distribution of that word, adapting his instructions to the circumstances and wants of his hearers, and giving to each that which will be fitted to nourish the soul for heaven. It is looking into the text and discovering what it says and what it means. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". “Was it their stubbornness or your severity?” asked Ardan, a brother sitting by; “did you forget God’s word to give them the milk first and then the meat?” (H. O. Justification, by which the righteousness of Christ is imputed to us, is one blessing; sanctification, by which we ourselves are made personally righteous, is another blessing. All rights reserved. Of Mr. John Shepherd, of the United States, it is recorded that he was greatly distinguished for his success in the pulpit. 2 Timothy 2:15 says, “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” This exhortation from the Apostle Paul is one we should all consider. ; but here one particular kind of truth is referred to, called the word of truth--that is, the truth of the Word of God--the truth of Divine revelation--theological truth. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:15". Not to be ashamed - by his work, not being "approved" (Philippians 1:20). The Vulgate version renders the clause, recte tractantem, rightly handling the word, which gives the apostle’s meaning very well. I care but little for popular applause, but I desire to secure the approbation of God. But if there be a right division of the word of truth, it is evident that whilst some of you may require the gentle treatment, others will need the more severe. If we do this, there will be no cause for shame. Much on manner; therefore be simple and solemn, spirit earnest, tender and affectionate. See Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:10. shew = present, as Colossians 1:22, Colossians 1:28. approved. Or, once more, a man of no very strong intellect, and no very great reading, is thrown into the society of sceptical men perhaps of brilliant powers, and no inconsiderable acquirements. How deplorable, therefore, is the attitude of some expositors who use the newer versions to poke fun at the old interpretations. Tell the sceptic the Divine parable of the humane Samaritan, and say, “If you copy the spirit of that man, you shall find it one of the gateways to God.” Would you influence for good a young man who is leaving home for the great city? 1. (W. Philippians 1:20,— ἐν οὐδενὶ αἰσχυνθήσομαι, and 1 Corinthians 4:4; “cui tua ipsius conscientia nullum pudorem incutiat.” Beng. It is a hard thing to give up our money to God’s cause. (Comp. Let us make the Lord Jesus the animating principle and power of every word we teach from out of the Word of God. Again, it is melancholy to think how many an inquirer may have been repulsed, how many a backslider confirmed in apostasy, how many a softening heart hardened, how many a timid spirit scared by the mode in which the truth has been pressed on their attention. Go To 2 Timothy Index. ), Literally “cutting straight.” The figure has been very variously derived; from a priest dividing the victim, the steward distributing the bread or stores, a stonemason, a carpenter, a ploughman, a road-cutter. Now, how far is your religion work? There may be some situations where an hour preparation for a few comments at the end of a children's program would be appropriate, but and hour for a sermon to feed the flock is not enough to get started in. ), A divine ought to calculate his sermon, as an astronomer does his almanac, to the meridian of the place and people where he lives. But my text has another meaning. II. Rightly dividing the word—Commentators greatly differ as to the figure. Rightly dividing the word of God] The Syriac renders it, "Rightly preaching the word." Strive (reff.) If there isn"t proper preparation then the preparer is not properly prepared spiritually nor physically for the task at hand. I mean, literally, just what I say; pray it, if you can, and you will find the attempt a better criticism than any I can make upon it.” The request still puzzled the young man beyond measure; the idea of praying a sermon was a thing he never heard or conceived of; and the singularity of the suggestion wrought powerfully on his imagination and feelings. And we then have choice of two interpretations, either. 15.] He resolved to attempt the task. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Rightly dividing the word of truth.—Better rendered rightly laying out the word of truth. A workman—A labourer, whether husbandman or artisan. For the first time he saw that his heart was not right with God; and this conviction left him no peace until he had “Christ formed in him the hope of glory.” With a renewed heart he applied himself anew to the work of composing sermons for the pulpit; preached again in the presence of the pious pastor who had given such timely advice; and again solicited the benefit of his critical remarks. 1905. Thanks in advance. Greek. They are under nourished. It is only opposed to earning. American Tract Society. If we obey and do what he requires of us, we should thank him at the end of it. What about yourself? 2 Timothy 2 – Advice to a Young Pastor A. 15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. by Shawn Brasseaux “Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.” First Timothy 2:15 can be a difficult verse at first glance, but it is really quite simple. Even today. (A. Plummer, D. D.). orthofomeo. 1. recte tractare. The Biblical Illustrator. ), Few sermons are more false or dangerous than those in which the teacher professes to impress his audience by showing “how much there is in a verse.” If he examined his own heart closely before beginning, he would find that his real desire was to show how much he, the expounder, could make out of the verse. σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον παραστῆσαι τῷ θεῷ] σπουδάζειν expresses the eager striving, as in Ephesians 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, etc., and has a suggestion of making haste, 2 Timothy 4:9; 2 Timothy 4:21; Titus 3:12. δόκιμον, equivalent to probatus, tried, is absolute, and should not be taken with ἐργάτην (Luther, Mack). They have been taught that they should always look deep, and that Scripture is full of hidden meanings; and they easily yield to the flattering conviction that every chance idea which comes into their heads in looking at a word is put there by Divine agency.
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